By the action of the heat of the water, but also buoyancy, balneotherapy effectively reduces pain, resulting in an improvement in quality of life.
A Japanese research team carried out a literature paper, published at the end of July in the International Journal of General Medicine, on studies published between 2000 and 2019 on the effectiveness of balneotherapy and thermal medicine. The objective: to offer work prospects for future research work.
Water heat and buoyancy
A total of 18 publications were featured. These thus underline the effectiveness of the treatment in thermal cure on the relief of the pain, in particular for the patients suffering from musculoskeletal disorders and chronic diseases of the connective tissue.
The authors explain this effect by the heat of the water and buoyancy which can block nociception (or sensitivity to pain). In addition to improving blood circulation and facilitating muscle relaxation.
At the same time, the impact on quality of life is highlighted. This turns out to be linked to pain which can be associated with difficulty in carrying out daily activities. A study conducted in the United States in 2011 states that patients with osteoarthritis of the knee lose an average of 1,9 quality-weighted life years (QALY).
Promote aquatic exercises
Third point: an improvement in the physical condition and mobility of curists is also noticed as soon as aquatic exercises are integrated into the treatment, and this, whatever the pathology. The review argues that buoyancy reduces stresses linked to joint compression and gravitational load. This provides an improvement in strength and range of motion. In addition, the aquatic environment has the advantage of reducing the risk of joint injury
or muscle, among others.